What is DHEA-S?
DHEA-S, also known as dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, is a naturally occurring hormone produced by the adrenal gland. It is a precursor to testosterone and other androgens, which are hormones that play a role in male sexual development and function.
What is DHEA-S used for?
DHEA-S has been studied for a variety of potential uses, including as a treatment for menopause-related symptoms, depression, and sexual dysfunction. It has also been studied for its potential to enhance immune function and improve cognitive performance. However, the effectiveness and safety of DHEA-S for these uses is not well established, and more research is needed.
Can DHEA-S be purchased over-the-counter?
DHEA-S is available over-the-counter in some countries, but it is a controlled substance in others. In the United States, DHEA-S is classified as a dietary supplement, but it is not approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of any specific medical condition.
What are the possible side effects of DHEA-S?
The potential side effects of DHEA-S depend on the dose and duration of use. Some common side effects may include acne, hair loss, increased facial hair growth, and changes in menstrual cycles. DHEA-S may also affect blood glucose levels, blood pressure, and liver function, and it may interfere with certain medications.
Is DHEA-S safe for long-term use?
The long-term safety of DHEA-S is not well established, and more research is needed to determine its potential risks and benefits. Some studies have suggested that long-term use of DHEA-S may be associated with an increased risk of breast cancer in women and prostate cancer in men, but these findings are not consistent.
Can DHEA-S be used to enhance athletic performance?
DHEA-S has been studied for its potential to enhance athletic performance, but the results have been mixed. Some studies have found that DHEA-S may increase muscle strength and endurance, while others have not observed these effects. Additionally, DHEA-S is on the World Anti-Doping Agency's list of banned substances, and its use is prohibited in competitive sports.
Can DHEA-S be used to treat menopause-related symptoms?
Some studies have suggested that DHEA-S may be effective in reducing menopause-related symptoms, such as hot flashes and vaginal dryness. However, the evidence for its effectiveness is limited, and more research is needed to confirm these findings.
Can DHEA-S be used to improve cognitive performance?
There is limited evidence to suggest that DHEA-S may improve cognitive performance in older adults, but more research is needed to confirm these findings. Some studies have found that DHEA-S may improve memory and learning, while others have not observed these effects.
Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA). (n.d.). Mayo Clinic. https://www.mayoclinic.org/drugs-supplements/dehydroepiandrosterone-dhea/about/drg-20063098
Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA). (n.d.). National Center for Complementary and