What is creatinine?
Creatinine is a waste product produced by the body as a result of muscle metabolism. It is filtered from the blood by the kidneys and excreted in the urine.
What is the normal range for creatinine levels in the body?
The normal range for creatinine levels in the body is typically between 0.6 and 1.2 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) in men and between 0.5 and 1.1 mg/dL in women. These values may vary slightly depending on the laboratory that performs the test.
How is creatinine level measured in the body?
Creatinine levels can be measured in the body through a blood or urine test. A blood test measures the concentration of creatinine in the blood, while a urine test measures the amount of creatinine that is excreted in the urine over a specific period of time.
What can cause abnormal creatinine levels in the body?
Abnormal creatinine levels can be caused by a variety of factors, including kidney disease, muscle disorders, and certain medications. For example, if the kidneys are not functioning properly, they may not be able to filter creatinine effectively, leading to high creatinine levels in the blood.
How is an abnormal creatinine level diagnosed?
An abnormal creatinine level is typically diagnosed through a blood or urine test. Other tests, such as imaging studies or a kidney biopsy, may also be performed to determine the underlying cause of the abnormal creatinine level.
How is an abnormal creatinine level treated?
The treatment for an abnormal creatinine level depends on the underlying cause. If the abnormal creatinine level is caused by kidney disease, the treatment may involve medications to control the disease, such as blood pressure medications or medications that inhibit the production of renin, a hormone that can damage the kidneys. In severe cases, dialysis or a kidney transplant may be necessary. If the abnormal creatinine level is caused by a muscle disorder, the treatment may involve medications to control the disorder or physical therapy to improve muscle function.
Can lifestyle changes help manage abnormal creatinine levels?
Lifestyle changes, such as eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and avoiding excess alcohol intake, can help manage abnormal creatinine levels and improve kidney function. In addition, managing underlying medical conditions, such as high blood pressure or diabetes, can also help manage abnormal creatinine levels.
"Creatinine." MedlinePlus, U.S. National Library of Medicine, 26 Apr. 2021, medlineplus.gov/ency/article/003507.htm.
"Creatinine." Mayo Clinic, Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 6 Mar. 2021, www.mayoclinic.org/labs-and-tests/creatinine/about/pac-20394400.
"Creatinine." Healthline, Healthline Media, 26 Apr. 2021, www.healthline.com/health/creatinine.